Kitchen Design Fundamentals

A cramped, poorly designed, and outdated kitchen makes even probably the most enthusiastic of cooks keep away from the room. However, a considerate transform could make a kitchen not solely purposeful but in addition pleasurable to be in, whether or not you are cooking dinner on a weeknight or internet hosting a celebration for the vacations.

Earlier than you make the leap and embark on a kitchen transform, take into consideration what your dream kitchen appears like. Even when your price range doesn’t prolong to a complete intestine job, you may incorporate easy design tweaks that rearrange the area primarily based on how you employ it.

Whether or not your kitchen measures 100 sq. ft, the benchmark measurement famous by most cupboard producers, or 440 sq. ft, the upper finish of a kitchen measurement in a brand new construct, sure kitchen design fundamentals maintain true.

Fundamental Layouts

Small kitchen remodels may not contact the structure of a kitchen, however bigger renovations may probably see cupboards, home equipment, and equipment being full rearranged. In case your splendid design is a very totally different setup than the present configuration, be ready for a hefty price ticket to associate with it. Altering primary kitchen layouts typically requires redoing {the electrical} and plumbing, each pricey jobs. Take into consideration what primary structure you need for the kitchen:

  • Galley: Additionally referred to as a walk-through or corridor-style kitchen, a galley kitchen is characterised by two parallel partitions or strains of cupboards and countertop with a walkway in between them. If there’s just one wall, it is a one-wall or Pullman kitchen.
  • L-shaped: Because the identify implies, L-shaped kitchens kind an “L” with two adjoining partitions or with a counter peninsula extending from a wall.
  • Double “L”: A double L is an L-shaped kitchen with an island that can also be within the form of an L. Usually, the 2 Ls are speculated to create an open middle area.
  • U-shaped: U-shaped kitchens kind a “U” or horseshoe form and will be fashioned with three full-height partitions or with two partitions and a peninsula.

Irrespective of which structure you select, preserve the ever-important “kitchen triangle” in thoughts. That is the well-worn path you make between the fridge, the range or oven, and the sink, none of which ought to be greater than 6 ft away from each other. The tighter this triangle, the extra environment friendly you will be as a cook dinner.

After all, the trail should not be too tight. Maintain your walkways at the least 36 inches broad, with the area within the cooking areas at the least 42 inches broad if there’s recurrently one cook dinner within the kitchen, or 48 inches broad for 2 cooks.

Flooring Concerns

Selecting kitchen flooring materials entails extra than simply aesthetics. The flooring not solely wants to carry up below a major quantity of foot site visitors for years to come back, nevertheless it additionally must be straightforward in your joints whenever you’re standing over that risotto for a major period of time. Choices embrace:

  • Tile: Probably the most widespread kitchen floorings, tile does not take up odors or micro organism, and it may maintain up below heavy foot site visitors. Nonetheless, tile will also be uncomfortable to face on due to how laborious it’s.
  • Hardwood: Hardwood flooring, mostly oak, will be stunning if rigorously maintained, however they are often broken by pet claws and excessive heels and ruined by standing water.
  • Bamboo: Bamboo has a particular look and good general sturdiness, much like hardwood. Additionally it is topic to the identical sorts of injury as hardwood.
  • Laminate: Laminate is comparatively cheap and really straightforward to put in. Additionally it is stain-resistant and cleans very quickly. Nonetheless, it’s weak to water injury within the kitchen as a result of moisture can swell the sides of the flooring planks, which can’t be repaired.
  • Cork: Cork flooring is simple in your physique due to its slight sponginess, which additionally makes it quiet. It’s comparatively straightforward to put in and simple to scrub. Like laminate, it may be broken by standing water that will get between planks or tiles.
  • Linoleum: Linoleum is the standard resilient flooring choice that predates vinyl and, not like vinyl, it’s made with pure supplies Linoleum is sturdy and antibacterial and out there in quite a lot of colours and patterns, and a few sorts supply a small quantity of cushion underfoot.
  • Vinyl: Vinyl is the go-anywhere flooring materials that’s straightforward to put in and keep. It is available in an enormous vary of kinds and might even emulate the look of ceramic tiles or hardwood planks. Fundamental vinyl tile is likely one of the least expensive kitchen flooring supplies, whereas high-quality “luxurious” vinyl is priced within the center vary for kitchen flooring.

Selecting Kitchen Counter tops

The kitchen counter tops are arguably the very first thing an individual will discover after a transform. Like flooring, countertop choice ought to embrace concerns past appears—upkeep, sturdiness, and price range additionally play necessary roles within the resolution.

  • Engineered stone: The most typical engineered stone materials is quartz, which has succeeded granite because the “it” countertop materials. Priced equally to granite, quartz counter tops are made with rock fragments sure with resin and supply general higher consistency and decrease upkeep than pure stone. Most significantly, quartz is extra stain-resistant and doesn’t must be sealed, as stone does.
  • Pure stone: Granite stays a preferred selection for counter tops, largely due to its pure magnificence. Granite has a tough floor that is extraordinarily sturdy, nevertheless it have to be sealed periodically to assist stop staining. Different pure stone countertop choices embrace marble, soapstone, and limestone, however they’re softer supplies that require extra care.
  • Strong floor: Nonetheless also known as the unique model identify Corian, strong floor counter tops resist scratches and stains. They’re, nonetheless, simply broken by sizzling pots and pans.
  • Wooden: Butcher block counter tops are straightforward to scrub and will be maintained with wooden oil however will also be broken by water. Wooden normally makes extra sense for particular work areas relatively than the first countertop materials.
  • Concrete: Concrete presents an industrial look to a kitchen, nevertheless it must be sealed as much as 4 occasions a yr. Concrete can also be scratch- and heat-resistant.
  • Plastic laminate: Essentially the most cost-effective choice, laminate is available in a variety of colours and designs, however it may be broken by sizzling pots and pans.

Kitchen Cupboards

Model-new kitchen cupboards will be costly. In the event you’re on a decent price range, contemplate kitchen cupboard refacing. With refacing, you retain the cupboard “field” and reface the outside with a good veneer. You additionally change the doorways for a brand new look.

An alternative choice is to color your cupboards, although this is not at all times so simple as it could sound. Vital prep time goes into portray cupboards, and if in case you have melamine cupboards (relatively than wooden), it’s essential to discover paint that can stick with this floor. In the event you go this route, use spray paint after cleansing and evenly sanding the floor.

If neither of these makeovers appears interesting, begin researching kitchen cupboard corporations. Whereas kitchen cupboards could seem complicated at first, remember that they’re primarily divided into two teams: base cupboards, on which the countertop sits, and wall cupboards, that are screwed instantly into the wall and maintain foodstuffs in addition to plates, pans, and glassware.

When changing kitchen cupboards, do not skimp on area to economize. Select base cupboards with deep drawers, and contemplate wall cupboards that go as much as the ceiling. Space for storing is of the utmost worth in a kitchen.

Different Kitchen Design Concerns

Kitchen design fundamentals imply greater than flooring, cupboards, and counter tops. Lighting could make an enormous distinction within the kitchen, whether or not it is shiny lighting for a protracted day of cooking or comfortable, dim temper lighting for a romantic night time at dwelling. For one of the best impact, set up lighting on a number of ranges, equivalent to under-cabinet lights, pendants, and recessed lights within the ceiling. Moreover, a kitchen wants loads of electrical retailers, notably alongside the backsplash. Constructing codes embrace particular necessities for retailers and lighting in reworked kitchens.

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