Kitchen Design Fundamentals

Destiny Viator

A cramped, poorly designed, and outdated kitchen makes even probably the most enthusiastic of cooks keep away from the room. Then again, a considerate transform could make a kitchen not solely useful but in addition satisfying to be in, whether or not you are cooking dinner on a weeknight or internet hosting a celebration for the vacations.

Earlier than you make the leap and embark on a kitchen transform, take into consideration what your dream kitchen appears like. Even when your funds doesn’t lengthen to a complete intestine job, you’ll be able to incorporate easy design tweaks that rearrange the area primarily based on how you employ it.

Whether or not your kitchen measures 100 sq. toes, the benchmark measurement famous by most cupboard producers, or 440 sq. toes, the upper finish of a kitchen measurement in a brand new construct, sure kitchen design fundamentals maintain true.

Primary Layouts

Small kitchen remodels may not contact the format of a kitchen, however bigger renovations might doubtlessly see cupboards, home equipment, and equipment being full rearranged. In case your best design is a totally totally different setup than the present configuration, be ready for a hefty price ticket to go together with it. Altering primary kitchen layouts usually requires redoing {the electrical} and plumbing, each pricey jobs. Take into consideration what primary format you would like for the kitchen:

  • Galley: Additionally referred to as a walk-through or corridor-style kitchen, a galley kitchen is characterised by two parallel partitions or traces of cupboards and countertop with a walkway in between them. If there’s just one wall, it is a one-wall or Pullman kitchen.
  • L-shaped: Because the title implies, L-shaped kitchens kind an “L” with two adjoining partitions or with a counter peninsula extending from a wall.
  • Double “L”: A double L is an L-shaped kitchen with an island that can also be within the form of an L. Sometimes, the 2 Ls are alleged to create an open heart area.
  • U-shaped: U-shaped kitchens kind a “U” or horseshoe form and will be fashioned with three full-height partitions or with two partitions and a peninsula.

Regardless of which format you select, preserve the ever-important “kitchen triangle” in thoughts. That is the well-worn path you make between the fridge, the range or oven, and the sink, none of which ought to be greater than 6 toes away from each other. The tighter this triangle, the extra environment friendly you will be as a prepare dinner.

In fact, the trail should not be too tight. Hold your walkways a minimum of 36 inches extensive, with the area within the cooking areas a minimum of 42 inches extensive if there’s repeatedly one prepare dinner within the kitchen, or 48 inches extensive for 2 cooks.

Flooring Issues

Selecting kitchen flooring materials entails extra than simply aesthetics. The flooring not solely wants to carry up below a big quantity of foot site visitors for years to return, but it surely additionally must be straightforward in your joints whenever you’re standing over that risotto for a big period of time. Choices embody:

  • Tile: One of the widespread kitchen floorings, tile does not take up odors or micro organism, and it will probably maintain up below heavy foot site visitors. Nonetheless, tile may also be uncomfortable to face on due to how exhausting it’s.
  • Hardwood: Hardwood flooring, mostly oak, will be lovely if rigorously maintained, however they are often broken by pet claws and excessive heels and ruined by standing water.
  • Bamboo: Bamboo has a particular look and good general sturdiness, much like hardwood. Additionally it is topic to the identical varieties of harm as hardwood.
  • Laminate: Laminate is comparatively cheap and really straightforward to put in. Additionally it is stain-resistant and cleans very quickly. Nonetheless, it’s susceptible to water harm within the kitchen as a result of moisture can swell the sides of the flooring planks, which can’t be repaired.
  • Cork: Cork flooring is straightforward in your physique due to its slight sponginess, which additionally makes it quiet. It’s comparatively straightforward to put in and straightforward to wash. Like laminate, it may be broken by standing water that will get between planks or tiles.
  • Linoleum: Linoleum is the standard resilient flooring choice that predates vinyl and, in contrast to vinyl, it’s made with pure supplies Linoleum is sturdy and antibacterial and out there in a wide range of colours and patterns, and a few varieties supply a small quantity of cushion underfoot.
  • Vinyl: Vinyl is the go-anywhere flooring materials that’s straightforward to put in and keep. It is available in an enormous vary of kinds and may even emulate the look of ceramic tiles or hardwood planks. Primary vinyl tile is likely one of the most cost-effective kitchen flooring supplies, whereas high-quality “luxurious” vinyl is priced within the center vary for kitchen flooring.

Selecting Kitchen Counter tops

The kitchen counter tops are arguably the very first thing an individual will discover after a transform. Like flooring, countertop choice ought to embody concerns past appears—upkeep, sturdiness, and funds additionally play vital roles within the resolution.

  • Engineered stone: The most typical engineered stone materials is quartz, which has succeeded granite because the “it” countertop materials. Priced equally to granite, quartz counter tops are made with rock fragments certain with resin and supply general higher consistency and decrease upkeep than pure stone. Most significantly, quartz is extra stain-resistant and doesn’t must be sealed, as stone does.
  • Pure stone: Granite stays a preferred selection for counter tops, principally due to its pure magnificence. Granite has a tough floor that is extraordinarily sturdy, but it surely have to be sealed periodically to assist forestall staining. Different pure stone countertop choices embody marble, soapstone, and limestone, however they’re softer supplies that require extra care.
  • Strong floor: Nonetheless sometimes called the unique model title Corian, strong floor counter tops resist scratches and stains. They’re, nevertheless, simply broken by scorching pots and pans.
  • Wooden: Butcher block counter tops are straightforward to wash and will be maintained with wooden oil however may also be broken by water. Wooden often makes extra sense for particular work areas moderately than the first countertop materials.
  • Concrete: Concrete presents an industrial look to a kitchen, but it surely must be sealed as much as 4 instances a 12 months. Concrete can also be scratch- and heat-resistant.
  • Plastic laminate: Essentially the most cost-effective choice, laminate is available in a variety of colours and designs, however it may be broken by scorching pots and pans.

Kitchen Cupboards

Model-new kitchen cupboards will be costly. In case you’re on a decent funds, think about kitchen cupboard refacing. With refacing, you retain the cupboard “field” and reface the outside with a good veneer. You additionally substitute the doorways for a brand new look.

An alternative choice is to color your cupboards, although this is not all the time so simple as it could sound. Important prep time goes into portray cupboards, and when you’ve got melamine cupboards (moderately than wooden), it’s essential to discover paint that can stick with this floor. In case you go this route, use spray paint after cleansing and evenly sanding the floor.

If neither of these makeovers appears interesting, begin researching kitchen cupboard firms. Whereas kitchen cupboards could appear complicated at first, needless to say they’re primarily divided into two teams: base cupboards, on which the countertop sits, and wall cupboards, that are screwed instantly into the wall and maintain foodstuffs in addition to plates, pans, and glassware.

When changing kitchen cupboards, do not skimp on area to economize. Select base cupboards with deep drawers, and think about wall cupboards that go as much as the ceiling. Space for storing is of the utmost worth in a kitchen.

Different Kitchen Design Issues

Kitchen design fundamentals imply greater than flooring, cupboards, and counter tops. Lighting could make an enormous distinction within the kitchen, whether or not it is vivid lighting for a protracted day of cooking or comfortable, dim temper lighting for a romantic night time at dwelling. For the most effective impact, set up lighting on a number of ranges, similar to under-cabinet lights, pendants, and recessed lights within the ceiling. Moreover, a kitchen wants loads of electrical shops, notably alongside the backsplash. Constructing codes embody particular necessities for shops and lighting in reworked kitchens.

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